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  1. dw1305

    Clamped Fins and Tail

    Hi all, The culture method is actually the issue, none of the nitrifying organisms present are likely to be the same ones we find in our tanks. I'd like to think that is why we are all here. In terms of what we know about nitrification, the past is a different country. On UKAPS we have a...
  2. dw1305


    Hi all, Turn the light off. Pour 3/4 of the water out of the bag (through a net, because accidents can happen), submerge the bag in the tank and let the tank water flow into it. Hopefully after a couple of minutes the fish will make their own way out. If they haven't? After ~ten minutes...
  3. dw1305

    Strawberry Apisto tank set up.

    Hi all, Can we have a picture? It just makes it easier for us to judge if it is a suitable tank set-up. A bigger tank would make life a lot easier. cheers Darrel
  4. dw1305

    New here!

    Hi all, What the others have said really. A filter and some water changes. I like a <"low nutrient, sand substrate">, but then I leave it pretty much undisturbed. Have a look at @apistobob 's web site <"https://dwarfcichlid.com/apistogramma-and-dwarf-cichlid-aquarium-care/"> I've also a great...
  5. dw1305

    Distribution & phylogeny of Apistogramma Species Groups

    Hi all, Dead deciduous leaves and Alder (Alnus ssp.) "cones" <"https://www.aqualog.de/en/blog-en/medicinal-trees-the-common-alder/">. Oak (Quercus spp.) leaves are usually pretty good - <"https://flnps.org/native-plants/quercus-oaks">. I think you should also have Alnus rubra cones...
  6. dw1305

    Distribution & phylogeny of Apistogramma Species Groups

    Hi all, We think some humic, fulvic and tannic substances are important in fish health, particularly for "blackwater" fish, that have evolved in situations with a very low microbial load. They may also help with osmoregulation. There are some papers linked into this thread...
  7. dw1305

    Stressed A. Borellii sp. Opal male

    Hi all, "Yes" and "Yes & No". The problem I have with the aquarium industry is around their <"business model"> and their <"advertising">. Specifically for Seachem some of their <"products are fine">, <"but over-priced">, and others are just <"snake-oil">. It would be, but really only if you...
  8. dw1305

    Stressed A. Borellii sp. Opal male

    Hi all, Welcome to Apistogramma.com That should be fine, but can we have a picture? You will need to <"feed the plants"> at some point, Seachem are, at best, disingenuous about what their products contain and their usefulness. It may still be a water quality issue. Personally I tend not to...
  9. dw1305

    New tank setup for Apistos Shaly (rare)

    Hi all, What @MacZ says. On UKAPS we've talked with Dr Ryan Newton about the microbes that actually occur in aquariums, and how best to "cycle" tanks. His research group have been looking at the microbial R(D)NA recovered from a range of aquarium / aquaculture filters -...
  10. dw1305

    Help Needed with Fish Mortality Issue in My Aquarium

    Hi all, Yes, that really. If you have a floating plant it isn't ever CO2 limited and offers a quick response to changing nutrient levels. Have a look at the <"Duckweed Index">. That is almost certainly a lack of dissolved oxygen, and that would also account for the deaths. That maybe the...
  11. dw1305

    My male Apistogramma cacatuoides not interested in female

    Hi all, I don't feed much dry food, but I've found the fish will eat <"Fluval Bugbites">, I think Mike (@Mike Wise) has found the same. cheers Darrel
  12. dw1305

    Most Peaceful Apistogramma?

    Hi all, Hornwort (Ceratophyllum demersum) is a good subsurface floater. I use it with Indian Fern (Ceratopteris thalictroides) a lot <"https://apistogramma.com/forum/threads/do-you-discard-the-dying-parts-of-anacharis.23496/#post-109467">. Java moss (<"Taxiphyllum barberi">) is another good...
  13. dw1305

    Most Peaceful Apistogramma?

    Hi all, It is what @MacZ says and I'm not trying to be funny, or disparaging at all, but you need real plants. Plants aren't a decoration they are really, really important for maintaining water quality. Have a look at the <"Duckweed Index">. cheers Darrel
  14. dw1305

    Sexing Juvie Trifasciata

    Hi all, You can do them on behaviour, even when they all look juvenile / female. The males really don't like one another and start fighting from an early age. I'm incredibly poor at both sexing and ID, but I think they are all females. cheers Darrel
  15. dw1305

    What Apistogramma is this?

    Hi all, Apistogramma macmasteri male and Photoshop. Cheers Darrel
  16. dw1305

    Which sexe are the nannacara anomala

    Hi all, Welcome to Apistogramma forums. With the traditional disclaimer that I'm really poor at sexing (and identification), but if they have any blue "shiny" scales? They are all males. cheers Darrel
  17. dw1305


    Hi all, I should have put a link in for that <"https://www.ukaps.org/forum/threads/water-surface-bugs.21554/#post-220330"> & <"https://www.ukaps.org/forum/threads/feeding-aphids-to-fish.57614/#post-561772">. I'd guess they aren't a very balanced diet, very high in sugars and low in fibre...
  18. dw1305


    Hi all, I have, they float initially so you need to swirl them around in a beaker etc to waterlog them before you tip them in. cheers Darrel
  19. dw1305

    Apistogramma Bitaeniata Rio Nanay - pH and diet for long term

    Hi all, Welcome to Apistogramma forums The pH changes due to CO2 injection aren't the same as those in naturally acidic water, so I don't think more CO2 will help, (but it does make asphyxiating your fish more likely). That sounds fine. The tank looks good. The substrate is a bit coarse, but...
  20. dw1305

    Apisto survival rate

    Hi all, That is the problem with most people's advice, the cure is much worse than the cause. Sage advice, I'm now avoiding religious fanatics like the plague. cheers Darrel